Hh Environmental Perceptions Ranking : Most Important Hurricane 2012
Survey participants were prompted to list the top 3 environmental problems faced in the past three years. The population of the zone overwhelmingly viewed hurricanes/cyclones (56%) and flooding (20%) as the greatest challenges.
Haiti is geographically located in the middle of a hurricane corridor, and is seasonally subject to severe tropical storms during the rainy season from September through November. In Haiti, hurricanes have caused more deaths, displacement of people, and damage to infrastructure than any other climate-induced factor in the twentieth century. From 1909 to 2008, 49 tropical storms category 1 and 2 on the Saffir-Simpson scale have hit Haiti. Similarly, Haiti has experienced six hurricanes category 3 and 4 with devastating aftermaths (NOAA 2008). On average, a hurricane or tropical depression directly hits Haiti every two years. Hurricanes are destructive as a result of both their immediate consequences of intense wind and rain, and its potential indirect consequences such as floods, landslides, and diseases’ outbreaks. In Haiti, even hurricanes on lower ranks from the Saffir-Simpson scale can cause important damages to physical infrastructure, property investment, and the national economy. For more information please read the 10 commune baseline report here.
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